People Profile - The Somali People                                                                                           (Somalia, Djibouti and Ethiopia)

Somalia                                                                                                                                      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

MAP from Somalia                                                                                                                      Department of Peacekeeping Operations, Cartographic Section, Map No. 3690, Rev. 6 UNITED NATIONS, July 2004

DECLARATION OF THE PEOPLE'S MOVEMENTS - MUMBAI 2004                                                 We, the people's movements representing workers, peasants and agricultural workers, women, Dalits and Adivasis, indigenous peoples, fisher peoples, urban poor, the physically and mentally handicapped and other sectors of the poor and oppressed, have again come together in Mumbai from 16-20 January 2004 for the People's Movements Encounters Part II.

Convention concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries (ILO No. 169), 72 ILO Official Bull. 59, entered into force Sept. 5, 1991  The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation, Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labour Office, and having met in its seventy-sixth session on 7 June 1989, and Noting the international standards contained in the Indigenous and Tribal Populations Convention and Recommendation, 1957...

Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property - 17 Nov 70  Entry in force: 24 April 1972. - The General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, meeting in Paris from 12 October to 14 November 1970, at its sixteenth session...

PROTECTION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE IN TIME OF WAR AND ITS AFTERMATH                        by JAMES A. R. NAFZIGER - James Nafziger is the Thomas B. Stoel Professor of Law and Director of International Programs, Willamette University College of Law. He chairs the Committee on Cultural Heritage Law of the International Law Association (ILA) and serves as President of the ILA's American Branch. He is also a member of IFAR's Law Advisory Council.

International Alliance Charter                                                                                                     (Established Penang, Malaysia, 15 Feb 1992) - (Revised Nairobi, Kenya, 22 Nov 2002) Article 1. - We, the indigenous and tribal peoples of the tropical-forests, present this charter as a response to hundreds of years of continual encroachment and colonisation of our territories and the undermining of our lives, livelihoods and cultures caused by the destruction of the forests that our survival depends on. ...

AFRICAN 'INDIGENOUS PEOPLES' SEARCHING FOR A FUTURE                                                  Archive 1993 - 'Indigenous Peoples' from all corners of the African continent have met for the first time to take stock of their situation and organise for their future.

Bibliography of Foraging Peoples                                                                                              by Robert Lawless                                                                              please go to:

Hunters-Gatherers                                                                                                                       The earliest ancestors of man may well have originated in what is now East Africa, as far back as five - perhaps even eight million years ago, taking into consideration the recent findings of the “Tugen Man” in Kenya. Most of this pre-history of mankind is contained in bones and stones, in middens (dunghills or rubbish heaps) and museums, in scholarly theories and painstaking excavations. The history of our ancestors continues to live in present peoples and cultures.

Indigenous Peoples’ Declaration     PDF                                                                                     Indigenous Preparatory Meeting - 16-17 JUNE, 2002 - International Association Centre- Brussels, Belgium

Our Perspective on WHAT is ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE?                                                          To Aboriginal peoples, native to the land they live in since time immemorial, the term "environmental justice" goes beyond the issue of disproportionate toxic and nuclear contamination and health exposure of our elders, men, women, youth, children and our traditional food web. ... ff

THE INTERNATIONAL CANCUN DECLARATION OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES                                 5th WTO Ministerial Conference - Cancun, Quintana Roo, Mexico, 12 September 2003 - We, the international representatives of Indigenous Peoples gathered here during the 5th WTO Ministerial Conference in Cancun, Mexico from 10-14 September 2003 wish to extend our thanks to the Indigenous Peoples of Mexico, particularly the Mayan Indigenous Peoples of Quintana Roo, for welcoming us.

INDIGENOUS PEOPLES KYOTO WATER DECLARATION                                                              Third World Water Forum, Kyoto, Japan, March 2003

Land Rights Movements      PDF                                                                                                 Professor Daniel W. Bromley - University of Wisconsin-Madison --- Indigenous peoples in territories subjected to European conquest dating from the late 15th century onward have managed to focus national and international attention on their subjugation and dispossession. These various movements, primarily concentrated in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South America, and the United States, began in different places at different times over the past several decades.

ABORIGINAL LAND RIGHTS - looking over the fence to Australia                                               The Indigenous spending drip - Land rights - the new debate we had to have - Crikey Daily - Tuesday, 12 April - Political correspondent Christian Kerr writes: “Indigenous communities have suffered from misplaced idealism,” Jenness Warren, a workplace English language and literacy tutor for the Laynhapuy Homeland Association Inc in the Northern Territory, wrote in a Financial Review (see below).

Environmental Colonialism: “Saving” Africa from Africans                                                        Under the banner of saving the African environment, Africans in the last half century have been subjected to colonialism from an overlooked source: the conservation movement. Local populations have been displaced and impoverished in order to create national parks and to serve other conservation objectives, in large part because Western conservationists misunderstand African wildlife management practices and problems.

THE REAL STORY OF THANKSGIVING                                                                                         Most of us associate the holiday with happy Pilgrims and Indians sitting down to a big feast. And that did happen - once. - The story began in 1614 when a band of English explorers sailed home to England with a ship full of Patuxet Indians bound for slavery.

Is primitivism realistic? An anarchist reply to John Zerzan and others                                       (December 1, 2005) A reply to primitivist critiques of 'Civilisation, Primitivism and Anarchism' - - One of the major confusions in the anarchist movement in the USA and parts of Europe arises out of primitivism and its claim to be part of the anarchist movement. But primitivism is not a realistic strategy for social revolution and it opposes the basic purpose of anarchism - the creation of a free mass society. Primitivists have attempted to reply to these criticisms but these replies are easily exposed as more to do with faith then reality.

Why Race Matters: Race Differences and What They Mean                                                        Book Review - The Western Journal of Black Studies - Although the question of race has been an important sociological issue ever since the development of anthropology as a study of different human groups, contemporary philosophy has had relatively little to say about the topic. Interestingly enough though, three of the luminaries of Western philosophy did write about race as if those human groups that distinguished themselves both geographically and phenotypically constituted natural kinds in terms of temperament and intellect.

SUB-COMMISSION CONCLUDES DEBATE ON PREVENTION OF DISCRIMINATION                       Speakers Stress Need to Protect Indigenous Peoples and Other Vulnerable Minority Groups - The Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights this afternoon concluded its consideration of the prevention of discrimination after hearing from non-governmental organizations and national representatives.

PROFILE OF INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT : SOMALIA (PDF)                                                         Compilation of the information available in the Global IDP Database of the Norwegian Refugee Council (as of 20 June, 2003)

Tribe or Nation?               (PDF)                                                                                                  Nation-Building and Public Goods in Kenya versus Tanzania

Report on minority groups in Somalia (PDF)                                                                               Joint British, Danish and Dutch fact-finding mission to Nairobi, Kenya, December 2000

War Impact on Women in Somalia (PDF)                                                                                   Somalia has been without a central government since its last president, dictator Mohamed Siad Barre, fled the country in 1991. Subsequent fighting among rival faction and clan leaders resulted in the killing, rape dislocation, and starvation of thousands of persons and led the United Nations to send peacekeepers in 1992. ... 

UNITED NATIONS - Economic and SocialCouncil (PDF)                                                              Sub-Commission on the Promotion and   Protection of Human Rights - Fifty-fifth session - Item 5 of the provisional agenda - PREVENTION OF DISCRIMINATION  - Discrimination based on work and descent Expanded working paper submitted by Mr. Asbjørn Eide and Mr. Yozo Yokota pursuant to Sub-Commission decision 2002/108*

THE FACE AND VOICE OF MIDGANS                                                                                           A few weeks ago, I was sent a letter, via email; from readers of my Article about titled “Freedom without Equality” wuxuu yiri, Midguhu ayaga ka masuul ah dhibka haysta waayo way is Qariyaan. Dad is qarinaya sidee dadka loola simi karaa? he said “Midgans are responsible for their problems because they hide their tribe name and how can you be equal with other Somali tribes when you are invisible?” I agree with this reader his idea partially, so his blame forced me to write this Article in order to make him very clear of what kind of idea that I am holding personally or preaching for?

Reflections of Midgan                                                                                                                 by Rhoda A. Rageh - Recently many intellectuals from somaliland seem to have recognized the need to correct some of the enduring ills of our society especially on the issue of the gabooye community. However, as the discourse rages from shifting blame and building awareness of "yassid" to weak promises of support for the cause of the gabooye community, and manifestoes from them suggesting proper political participation, I deliberate on the problem itself and wonder if there is actually an issue to support. Anyone who succeeds in identifying the problem has to at least begin by putting his own bigotry aside before he or she attempts to right the wrongs of this baseless misconception.

MIDGAN’S CONTRIBUTION                                                                                                          A question that is commonly asked Somalians when two strangers meet each other is “ what is your tribe?!!! “Where as an Americans and Europeans “ is what do you do for living?” Work is not a central focus in Somalian lives, work not able us to earn money to pay our bills, but it can also provide a sense of self-respect and self-reliability.

A study on minorities in Somalia                                                                                                Until recently, many people perceived Somalia as a country with a population of 7,000,0000 people who share one culture, one language and one religion. This was the impression given during previous regimes in order to sustain the illusion of homogeneity. One of the things that were deliberately downplayed was the existence of minority groups. Although the population of minority groups living in Somalia has not as yet been established, estimates indicate that they constitute one third of the total Somalia population; approximately 2,000,000 people. The minority groups include Bantu, Bravenese, Rerhamar, Bajuni, Eyle, Galgala, Tumal, Yibir and Gaboye. These groups continue to live in conditions of great poverty and suffer numerous forms of discrimination and exclusion.

SOMALIA ASSESSMENT (WORD)                                                                                                Version 4 - September 1999 - Country Information and Policy Unit

Report of the Somalia Commission of Inquiry (CANADA) 1997                                                    This chapter is about the political and socio-economic context in which the Canadian Airborne Regiment Battle Group (CARBG) carried out its mission to Somalia. It describes the region's geography, culture, political, and social structure, and surveys significant events leading to the civil war and the end of Siad Barre's regime. It also examines the situation in Somalia when the United Nations intervened and the social and political conditions in Belet Huen when the CARBG was deployed.

At The Hand Of Man - The White Man's Game                                                                            Prince Bernhard and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) - To attract donors, large and small, as well as media attention, Nicholson, Scott and the founding fathers of WWF wanted the royal family to lend their name. They approached Prince Philip to be president. Philip was an avid outdoorsman and hunter-in January 1961 he had bagged a Bengal tiger in India-and he and Queen Elizabeth had been to Kenya, on a safari best remembered because King George VI died while they were watching wild animals and Princess Elizabeth had become Queen. Scott sent Philip a draft of the proposed charter. Philip read it carefully, replying that one provision was "unctuous," and another "to wordy."....

Hunter-Gatherer Bibliography                                                                                                     This bibliography was last up-dated on June 16, 1997

WE DO NOT WANT TO BECOME AND END LIKE ISHI                                                                   Ishi was the last surviving member of the Yahi tribe. He was born about 1862. The Yahi were related to the Yana Indians who once lived in northern California of todays USA.

World Wide Fraud - Pandering to the Demands of Industry                                                        All around the world, as you read this, children of other cultures are being kidnapped and forced into schools against their will and that of their tribes. People from Indonesia to Zaire are being forcibly removed from their ancestral homelands into shoddy shanty towns with poor sanitation and bad food. These people want to stay in their homelands, living as they always have; with no leaders and no civilisation; hunting and gathering.

Somali Language and Grammar (Yibir and Midgan Dialects)                                                     are getting renewed attention - Some resources

STORY: A lion's share - © by Joe Palmer                                                                                    - Two British Tommies in short pants, with machine pistols on slings over their shoulders, escorted us off the airplane from Mogadishu, Somalia, at the airport in Aden in what is now Yemen in South Arabia. Aden was becoming part of the People's Republic of Yemen in south Arabia. It was 1967, the year of independence from British rule.

THE TEARS OF MIDGAN                                                                                                              Why most well educated somalis were silent for many centuries this malady? Sadly, the people of Midgan are still portrayed and out looked as less than full members of our Somali society. Labels such as "vegetative state" Out side tribes of Somalia, the Sab and Somali, the Gun and Gob, put it to somebody an image of the person with a disability because of his tribe legend or his work as not quite human. Such images allow offenders to fuel their existing as a good reason with the belief that their offenses are less problematic because the victim is not really a fellow human being. Since the offender sees himself as more human and superior, therefore more valuable, he sees nothing wrong with exploiting the less valued human being to meet his own needs. To escape the exploitation the victim must use Shegad status clan links that can be shifted and rediscovered according to the situation at hand.

I hear you my borthers and sisters                                                                                              Dear fellow Somalis,      I am writing this to let you know how much I appreciate this website It has given me the chance to understand the pain and the suffering that certain Somalis have been going through because of their tribe. Somalis have been victimizing and destroying each other for the past 15 years, but Midgaan people have been the real victims for the past1500 hundred years. As a child I remember my best friends were Midgaan and the entire village that we lived looked down on them, except my mother. My mom and I used to go over their house eat with them, most of the time I used hang around with my Midgaan friends and I remember I used to call their mother Eedo Haliimo.

ASYLUM - Somalia - STORY