look at the response
to this press statement - Update 04.05.2004
SARE EE MADHIBAAN
BOX 337, Degmada Bondheere Muqdisho, Somaliya
P.O. Box :- 58 34 – 00200- Nairobi
CELL/PHONE: +254(0) 733 423 715
Date: 22st April 2004
(free for publication Fr 23. 04. 2004)
The Somali Peace Process is still in
The clan formula 4.5 is a neo-colonial tool
(invented at the Universita di Bologna).
IGAD imposes fake "traditional leaders" on minorities.
Since the Somali Peace
Conference began, it has been difficult to ascertain whether any
positive conclusions have been achieved.
The agenda of the meeting
was to find solutions to the following two issues:
land sharing, and
Today, it seems that no
conclusion has been reached, although the issue of power sharing is
still being discussed. The deliberations and interim decisions have
been influenced to follow the previous peace conference held in
Djibouti (in ARTA / CARTA). It is known as the 4.5 Formula, whereby
80% will consist of member of the 4 powerful majority clans and only
20% must be shared by "all the rest of the ethnic people".
For us as one of the core minority communities of Somalia, the
Madhibaan, this is an oppressive formula.
No clan can claim to be
better than another one. Both the majority and minority citizens have
a right to live in this country, but any clan that opts for or
supports the 4,5 formula is an exception. The "Big Clans" or
"Big Patrons" as they are known are clearly out to oppress
the Madhibaan people further. To clarify this point, it is necessary
to point out that there are a minority people in Somalia, but these
are not outcasts, they still receive and enjoy the benefits and
privileges that the outcasts (the Madhibaan) are denied. Hence the
Madhibaan are denied their rights as the aborigines, citizens and
human beings. For example, the minorities have their own land,
traditional or customary law. These are not interfered with by the
"Big Patrons" as they are reconciled and recognized by these
big clans as people or human beings with rights.
Clearly, the Madhibaan,
the aboriginal natives in the Peninsula of the Horn of Africa, have
become the most humiliated and the most vulnerable people in Somalia.
They are still in chains of slavery, outcasts in their own home. The
4,5 Formula will only entrench this evil; and to show support for this
formula is to express support for the continuance of this oppression.
The Somali society is
divided into the following classes:
(Spear Class): Those who belong to this class are also known as
the decision makers or commanders.
Those who belong to this class are charged with the
responsibility of spreading the Islam religion, thus causing its
Waable": These are the least privileged and the
most humiliated members of the society. They are treated as
outcasts, and suffer the injustice of segregation. For example,
it is taboo for a member of the "Waable" or "Animal
class" to mingle or even get married into the "Wadaad
and "Waranle" classes. Actually, those from these
prestigious classes who choose to get married into the outcast
class loose their original identity. The children born out of
such unions are not recognized or acknowledged by their
In pursuit of justice,
the issue of derogatorized citizens should be addressed in order to
attain the much desired peace in Somalia. We can and must find an
amicable and better solution to this problem. United we stand, divided
With regard to unity and
fairness, it is important to point out that the Madhibaan people are
not represented in the delegation of representatives from the eighteen
regions of Somalia. The Madhibaan are an egalitarian people, but they
also deserve equal representation. It is time for the voice of the
Madhibaan to be heard.
The Madhibaan Supreme
Council (MSC) is requesting those engaged in the Somali Peace
Conference to allow the Madhibaan equal participation in the
Conference, just like the other delegates from the 18 regions of the
Republic of Somalia. The Madhibaan would like to give their
contribution in the on-going peace process. Although scattered all
over Somalia, the Madhibaan have their united voice.
The Madhibaan are a peace
loving people, yet as peace lovers, we have been under oppression for
hundreds of years, in the hands of the oppressors. Our land was taken
away from us and we live as if we do not belong to Somalia. The time
is now ripe for us to stand up for our rights and get answers to all
our whys. Perhaps this will be the beginning of finding solution of
Somalia's woes. We would like to get our peace back, to return to our
beloved country. Our message is that the oppressor can no longer
succeed in oppressing us.
The MSC also requests that
as the Madhibaan representatives table their plight, solutions to the
problem of oppression are found. They too are human beings. As Article
1 and 2 of the Human Rights Universal Declaration rightly notes:
beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are
endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one
another in a spirit of brotherhood".
entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this
Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour,
sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or
social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no
distinction shall be made on the basis of the political,
jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory
to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust,
non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty".
Article 4 also clearly
"No one shall be
held in slavery or servitude and the slave trade shall be prohibited
in all forms".
We hereby address the
Secretary General of the United Nations, HE. Koffi Anan, to intervene
in the Somali Peace Process, to remind the six IGAD member states, who
are tasked to conclude the process harmoniously and just, of their
duties with respect to the principles above.
The Madhibaan Supreme
Council's agenda is very clear: The Madhibaan demand that all aspects
of the peace process must be transparent and that the participation of
our rightful representatives on equal ground must be guaranteed. The
formulations and solutions to the Somali Peace Process will affect
both the internal and external policy of Somalia and will have an
important impact on the Horn of Africa regions, especially with regard
to conflict resolution .
We, the Madhibaan,
reject also that a person is imposed on us by the IGAD Secretariat as
our so called "genuine traditional leader", who can and will
not play that role, which foreigners have dreamed up for him by even
calling him a "Sultan", while we the truly genuine Madhibaan
never had a Sultan and have no base for such in our traditional
We must be heard,
respected in our rigth to self-determination and to equally
participate in the Peace Process, if it shall any credibility and
provide lasting solutions !
Hersi Jama Yassin
Madhibaan Supreme Council
Ambassador Bethuel Kiplagat,
Special Envoy to the Somali National Reconciliation Conference,
IGAD Facilitation Committee, Mbagathi, Nairobi
UN Secretary General
H.E. Koffi Annan,
United Nations, through his representative's office UNPOS, Nairobi
Independent Expert on Somalia of the Commission of Human Rights,
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Nairobi.
Representative to Kenya
Embassy of the United
States of America, Nairobi
Embassy of the Federal
Republic of Germany, Nairobi
UK High Commission,
Royal Danish Embassy,
Royal Norwegian Embassy,
Embassy of the Republic
of Finland, Nairobi
Embassy of the Republic
of Italy, Nairobi
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to this press statement
Golaha Sare ee Madhibaan,
come associazione italiana formata da individui aventi genitori somali
(tra cui anche genitori Madhibaan) avete la nostra totale ed
indiscussa solidarietà per la Vostra battaglia del diritto.
E' eticamente, moralmente
e civilmente una vergogna per un paese avere una distinzione di classe:
sia essa sia "presumibilmente" superiore o inferiore. I
cittadini hanno lo stesso identico ruolo e dignità nel contesto della
nazione a cui si appartiene.
Tutto questo è da far
rilevare alle massime autorità sponsorizzanti il processo in corso
nel Kenya ed alle organizzazioni internazionali, perchè è contro la
Carta dei Principi e dei Diritti riconosciuta universalmente e firmata
a Johanesburg con la Convenzione ONU contro il razzismo.
Il 20% della quota
riservata agli altri gruppi è irrisoria ed offensiva nei confronti di
tutti gli attori che non sono dei 4 gruppi somali maggioritari (4/5).
Anche la nostra
associazione aveva richiesto di far parte della rappresentanza dei
gruppi minori (noi si che siamo la più piccola Comunità somala,
siamo 592 persone).
Dunque siamo al vostro
fianco a combattere un diritto che è negato anche al nostro gruppo.
Cordiali e sentiti saluti:
e-mail "ancis Ancis"
< firstname.lastname@example.org >
Roma 23.Aprile 2004
INTERNATIONAL MINORITIES OF AMERICA
Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55404. Tell: (612) 359-1248. Fax:
(612) 339-1529. Email:Keynanbaiari@aol.com
MADHIBAAN SUPREME COUNCIL
behalf of the President and the members of the Somali International
Minorities of America, I wish to express my deep thanks to the
President and the members of the Madhibaan Supreme Council for their
new organization. Together we will not tolerate any more inhuman treatment and
discrimination, prejudice, norms, stereotypes, and other forms of
social injustice. We are
ready to rise up our voices in everywhere in the world. Please let us
hear your voices. We are here ready to work
with you if you need any more details, please feel free to contact
Somali International Minorities of America was founded on August 29,
2001 to serve newly arrived refugees and immigrants in the United
States and Canada. The idea for this community-based organization came
from a group of Somali immigrants and Somali-American citizens who had
lived in refugee camps for several years in Kenya, Ethiopia, and
during the early 1991s. They realized that refugees arriving in the
United States would need assistance and resources in adjusting to a
new culture, customs, and language. (SIMA) is a Non-profit
Organization which supports all Somali Minority groups who belong to
the tribe of Midgan, who are oppressed because of their ethnicity or
tribe, or occupation and All Somali refugees who can not go back to
their birth place because of war, and disadvantaged people in Somalia,
Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti, United States of America, Canada, and other
nations. SIMA is a Voluntary organization offering advice and information to the Somali
community and other organizations, which are helping the Somali
Somali International Minorities of America’s mission is to educate
both Somalis and Americans, advocate for, support, and empower the
Somali Minorities (Midgans) refugee community through the provision of
resources, education and guidance necessary for building successful
and self-sufficient lives in the United States, Canada, and other
if you have any questions or comments, please contact us at the
numbers and address provided in this letterhead. . Thanks in advance.
M. Keynan, President of (SIMA)